Category: Css grid navbar responsive


Css grid navbar responsive

By Akinoshura

In this article, we will create a fully responsive navigation bar from scratch using only flexbox and a little bit of Javascript for toggle menu. I will be taking the mobile first approach for building the navigation bar. That is, we will first make the navigation bar for mobile devices and then for the desktop using media queries. You can use any names for classes and Ids. Let's add some basic styling to make it look nice:.

You can choose your own fonts, colors, and background. Now add some padding and margin to make it look better. For this, I am going to use Font Awesome icons. This is what it looks like. Notice the little hamburger icon in the top left corner, this is looking weird. The navbar for mobile devices is almost complete now. This code toggles the active class on the menu list. So add following code in the CSS file. Sign in.

CSS Responsive Navbar With HTML & JavaScript | Dropdown Menu

Sukhjinder Arora Follow. For Desktop: for desktop, all we have to do is to change flex-direction property to row and give a. Basic concepts of flexbox The Flexible Box Module, usually referred to as flexbox, was designed as a one-dimensional layout model, and as a…. This complete guide explains everything about flexbox, focusing on all…. Web Developer.

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Tech Writer. Loves poetry, philosophy and programming. See responses 8. More From Medium. Discover Medium. Make Medium yours. Become a member. About Help Legal.Learn Development at Frontend Masters. This is a collection of starter templates for layouts and patterns using CSS Grid. The idea here is to show off what the technique is capable of doing and provide a starting point that can be re-purposed for other projects. Remember that browser support for Grid is good but requires fallbacks for legacy browsers.

That means a straight up copy and paste of these may not be well suited for some use cases. A great little trick by Tyler Sticka that allows an element to break out of the grid.

Rachel Andrew provides a thorough explanation about how named grid lines allow this to work. A simple recreation of the game board. Jen Simmons has a sweet demo complete with Monpoly styles. Frontend Masters is the best place to get it. This is absolutely brilliant. Thank you for this.

css grid navbar responsive

These are great examples to demonstrate some of the more obscure, but incredibly useful features of grid. I have to admit, it took me a few month to get over my infatuation with flexbox to really warm up to grid, but it was worth it. Heck yeah, thanks Vanderson! Flexbox is still fantastic for one-dimensional layouts either column or row and Grid is the bomb for anything two-dimensional column and row.

Have you found any troubles with browser incompatibility? Basically, practical examples would be better than fixed size ones :. I did some tinkering in the codepens and I suspect the heights are there so the examples look good and easy to read in this article in small spaces.

Especially with responsive design requirements would make a mess of that. Oh yeah, for sure. Everything here is purely for the sake of example because otherwise there would be no content to display to illustrate the concepts. I am also curious where I can find more info on the calculations you created for responsive font-size?

This is awesome! You most certainly could! But this is a collection of Grid examples, not tables. I started to try grid yesterday morning, by they end of the day I only used grid. Much easier and more intuitive. Hmm, not sure what might be going on there.

CSS Grid Menu Layout With Display Flex | Responsive Grid Design

Do you have a demo? Hi Geoff! I have been struggling with the grid over the last week. Can you help me please? I want something nice like yours in my website. Looks like it starts becoming a grid at the px breakpoint, which is set on the parent element. The grid handles the spacing and placement from a breakpoint of px and up. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Get the CSS-Tricks newsletter.Around six months ago I was asked to develop a single row navigation bar that could contain a variable number of menu items while filling the entire width of the container. The amount of navigational items was dictated elsewhere and likely to change in future.

Thinking ahead, it would have been impractical to change the CSS every time a menu item was added or removed. A resolution had to be found, ideally without using JavaScript. Fixed widths are unable to consistently fill the responsive container, as the below image illustrates. So we need to use percentages to accomplish this.

Percentages are the prevalent method to achieve a fluid grid layout in responsive designs and will come in useful here.

Open it in a new window and test it out for responsiveness. Back to the drawing board, it is…. Fear not, I am not advocating the use of a 90s throwback HTML table for layout; that would be semantically incorrect, of course.

Responsive Website Layout Using CSS Grid Template Areas and Flexbox [Part 1]

However, there are display values that allow elements to act like a table. Note the inclusion of the table-layout: fixed declaration, which applies an equal width to each menu item. This can be removed, but fluctuating lengths of text can cause the table to look off balance, so approach with caution.

Browser support is good too. Flexbox is the standout candidate to replace this method going forward, as the older versions of Internet Explorer are phased out and browser support for flexbox continues to improve. If you are unfamiliar with flexbox, you can check out this recent article on SitePoint or visit the specwhich explains it as follows:. Both horizontal and vertical alignment of the children can be easily manipulated.

How to Build a Responsive Navigation Bar using CSS Flexbox and Javascript

Flexbox has some interesting features that may be appropriate in other use cases, such as the ability to reorder menu items by declaring the order property.

As you can see in the above CodePen demo, the same result is achieved. Again, you can use the buttons to test out adding or removing a single item. You can also add more items by editing the HTML.We will look at two different ways of building this navbar, one way with flexbox, and the other with CSS grid. And you can see which method that you like better.

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On desktop, all the links will be on the same row, with Home on the left, and the other links on the right. Then on mobile, we will have Home on the top row and the other links on the bottom row.

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And the links will be centered on the page. This will be the basic navigation markup to start with.

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But not to worry! Things are looking better! For colors, I like creating Sass variables. What we want is for the underline to change to a gradient of pink to purple, and the link text to turn from white to pink when you hover over a link. I usually start by writing the desktop styles first, and then the mobile.

Because desktop usually is more complicated with multiple columns, whereas on mobile things tend to be stacked in one column. But you can write your styles in whichever order makes sense for you. In our desktop navigation, we want the Home link to be on the left, and the other three secondary links together on the right.

To make this happen with flexbox, we will need to divide the links into two groups: one for links on the left, and the other for links on the right. Both groups will then be flex child elements of the flex parent.

Now, we want the three secondary links to also be next to each other in a flexbox arrangement. We can center it by moving that style rule into a media query for larger widths. You design your grid template meaning the columns and rows using grid properties in the parent element.

And you can individually control where in that grid template the grid child elements are placed. Then we want the three secondary links to be on a second row, and centered. Another useful feature of CSS grid is the ability to create gutters space between grid items. We can clearly see our centered three column grid, but the Home link needs to be on its own row.

We want it to take up three columns of width. This will make that grid child column begin at the first vertical grid line, and extend up to the fourth gridline at the very end. For desktop, we want all the links to be on one row.Using CSS grid and flex properties, the easiest point is making an object responsive. Nowadays the grid-based menu is on trend, Many creative developers now choose a grid-based menu over simple navbar.

Yesterday, I was surfing some personal websites, Then I saw a menu with grid view. Believe me, I feel these types of the menu is more attractive than a list type menu. Otherwise, you can use this to make your website more good looking. Now the question is how to create the menu? I added using display flex because I am also using it along with grid property.

If you are thinking now how this menu actually is, then see the preview given below. Now you can see this visually. If you like this, then get the source code of its.

css grid navbar responsive

As you know I got inspiration from a personal portfolio website to creating this. Actually, JavaScript has a very small part of this menu. I used JavaScript to just create a toggle buttonnothing else. After click on plus button its rotate on deg.

For creating the line effect on hover I used :before property. At before section, I created a blank content with 3px widthbottompx; and transform-origin: bottom; property. After positioning and alignment, the final line you can see on the video. I used display: grid; property only in the main div. In content section I used display: flex; property. For placing Image I put background-image property by selecting.

You can fully understand after getting the code. For creating this you have to create 3 files. Follow the steps to creating this without any error. If you have any doubt or question comment down below. Bhai where do you learn all this? It just looks easy.

How to build a responsive navbar with a toggle menu using Flexbox

But when comes to implementing, its not easy. How do you get such ideas? And that too at this frequency that after every single day, there is something to see from you?

How to make this work without the button? If you want to create it without button, then there is no need for JavaScript. Just create a div and visible grids on hover.Navigation is such a significant piece of your site. CSS is obviously the ideal language for structuring delightful navigation menus. It very well may be applied to a site and is entirely adaptable. Try not to be frightened if your very own CSS aptitudes are genuinely restricted as there are a ton of incredible instructional exercises out there that walk you through how to include perfect and expert looking CSS menus to your site.

The accompanying code bits are ideal for design. Website design is a rising procedure with cool new patterns each year. These valuable pieces are ideal for designers to seize and use as a platform for other web ventures. The following lists of top designs demonstrate every one of the instances of Navigation bars with live demos and code, so continue perusing.

This uses an advanced and exquisite looking responsive navigation bar. This bootstrap navbar pursues the conventional design in an advanced outfit. Everything is directly in this format, you have clear marking, links have sufficient measure of room, and a source of inspiration catch toward the end. Since the brand logo is independent of all other menu components, it gives great permeability to your image name or logo.

This uses a scroll spy component so that on clicking any navigation menu will easily take us to the particular page.

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The designer has adjusted the navbar component delightfully in this structure. An equivalent measure of the room is for the menu choices. Likewise you can see various sub-menus. In this navbar plan, the designer has kept the menu names short and fresh. Additionally We can see the media screen in the CSS code which implies that the Nav menu is responsive and can fit in mobile devices too. This is practically like the structure we just discussed previously.

A touch of movement assumes a key job in making this plan one of a kind and engaging. Via cautiously structuring your site directly from the menu bar will enable you to serve your clients better. Aside from the insightful highlights, this model additionally has an in vogue and cool looking plan. Perhaps the foundation shading makes this additionally engaging. On drifting the menu will make them red from the white text. On clicking will just demonstrate the sub-menus of that particular menu though the other various menus get covered up.

css grid navbar responsive

Rather, you can pursue a sidebar structure, which means putting the components along the edges and giving it a substantially more delightful effect. In this navbar plan, you can see that the designer has utilized the 3D navbar structure to present to the clients. The symbols alone can be found in the first. On floating gives a 3D effect to the symbols to exhibit the genuine name of the menu.A responsive top navigation menu is the cornerstone of a webpage. Without it, we would just blindly navigate web pages to find what we want.

That would increasingly become a problem when there are topics nested in sub-topics nested in sub-topics. Enter the navbar…. They seem to pull it off so effortlessly and, most importantly, the experience across devices Desktop, tablet and mobile seems so smooth and uniform.

css grid navbar responsive

The average user can have confidence that, for any given website, they can have an easy experience on almost any device. That, or the company has spent quite a hefty budget on building different views for different devices. This tutorial is aimed at beginners to junior developers, who want to learn how to build a responsive top navigation menu and gain a strong grasp of the related concepts. We will walk you through a specific implementation of the navbar, and you can further customise it from there.

The first meta tag is particularly important, because it ensures the responsiveness applies to all devices.

The other two links are CDN links I found on their official websites. By now, we have:. Now that we have our basic skeleton setup, we can begin with the actual meat of the project: the different responsive views. In general, mobile views consist of single-column layouts, and the navigation needs to be as unobtrusive as possible.

The basic idea here was to give the navbar a fixed height, while hiding the search bar and navlinks for now. I added the background colors for the sole purpose of making the different sections distinctive. The links themselves have typical styling: the removal of the underlines on the links, etc.

For the hamburger button, we float it to the right. Then, we give it an absolute width and height of 30px and a margin of 10px. The margin is 10px right around because it will not only take it slightly away from the absolute edge of the page, but it will also vertically align the button! This is because the navbar itself has a height of 50px, so the 10px on top and the 10px on the right would give it some breathing space.

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Finally, we added some styling to the search bar. I selected both the text field and the button for this. Next, we add the code that implements the actual showing and hiding of the navlinks and search bar:. Line 1 is a function that contains a built-in event listener for when the DOM loads.

Then, on line 3 we have a click event listener for the hamburger button. The toggle function will take turns to hide and show the selected items, with the parameter being how long it takes to show and hide it in milliseconds. So it takes one second to fade in and out. Line 5 is changing the bars icon to the times a cross icon, to show which button to click to hide the menu again. The advantage of using a mobile-first approach, is that you are minimising the amount of code you would have to rewrite for the other types of views.

All that needs to change is the size and layout of the content. Tablet views can still make use of a single-column layout. In order to make your navbar responsive, you would wrap your view-specific code in a responsive media query, which is a declaration of what styling to apply to a specific view:.